By Dietrich Jung (eds.)
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Extra info for Democratization and Development: New Political Strategies for the Middle East
Each of them either explicitly or implicitly draws on different theoretical models of the emergence of democratic regimes. , if external material incentives for democracy are large, such as in the case of the Spanish democratization). However, these are but pieces of knowledge. Without going into a sophisticated theoretical elaboration on each of the strands of transitology, it can safely be said that research has not found the “laws of transition”—let alone laws about how to steer such processes from the outside.
Any Arab country” remains true (2000: 33). The question is: Why? Fundamental Questions on Democracy Promotion First and foremost, there is the question of whether the goal of promoting democratic governance actually receives priority within the broad range of foreign policy goals of donors’ external policies. While some 250 million USD that USAID alone spent in the Arab world on projects and programs related to DP certainly seems more than a negligible amount of money, this must be contrasted with the roughly one billion USD the United States spends each year in Egypt alone—on military aid for the Mubarak regime.
35 DILEMMAS OF DEMOCRACY The State of Illiberalism in the Arab World Looking at the Arab world and comparing political developments in the direction of democracy, available indicators of political and civil rights speak a clear language: the Arab countries, as a whole, not only make up the world’s most unfree region, but also have not liberalized politically over the past one and a half decades—in contrast to all other developing regions. Of course, nothing is black and white, but to gain a rough idea of where the Arab world stands, a look at some of the most widely used indicators may be helpful.
Democratization and Development: New Political Strategies for the Middle East by Dietrich Jung (eds.)