By Benjamin Reilly
A research of how during which the democratizing states of Asia and the Pacific have controlled political switch, with specific concentrate on leading edge reforms to democratic associations corresponding to electoral structures, political events and govt governments.
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Additional resources for Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia - Pacific (Oxford Studies in Democratization)
All of these attempts to ‘engineer’ political outcomes by institutional reform are discussed in more detail later in this book. But can democratic politics be engineered in the ﬁrst place? Political Engineering A central theme of this book concerns the potential of ‘political engineering’: that is, the conscious design of political institutions to achieve certain speciﬁed objectives. A core premise of political engineering is that underlying problems of government stability and effectiveness in democratic systems can be addressed via the design of political institutions—parties, elections, presidents, parliaments, and so on.
East Timor’s August 1999 popular vote to reject Habibie’s offer of autonomy and thereby register a demand for independence unleashed a wave of violence, destruction, and looting by pro-Indonesian 15 MacIntyre, The Power of Institutions, 104. See Junhan Lee, ‘Primary Causes of Asian Democratization’, Asian Survey, 42/6 (2002), 821–37. 16 36 Democratization and Internal Conﬂict militias. Frantic international negotiations resulted in an Australian-led regional military intervention which restored basic security and placed East Timor under the control of the United Nations.
Introduction 23 and hence advocates ‘bonding’ parties representing distinct communal segments or ethnic groups, as opposed to the crosscommunal ‘bridging’ parties favoured by centripetalism. This scholarly debate on political engineering has lately found real-world expression in the Asia-Paciﬁc region. While consociational approaches were once prominent in a number of states, and remain important in semi-democracies such as Malaysia, political reforms by Asian and Paciﬁc governments in recent years have more often followed centripetal strategies.
Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia - Pacific (Oxford Studies in Democratization) by Benjamin Reilly