By Giovanni Capoccia
How does a democracy care for threats to its balance and endured life while these threats come from political events that play the democratic online game? In protecting Democracy, political scientist Giovanni Capoccia reviews key eu international locations among international Wars I and II which survived such democratic crises.A finished and considerate ancient research of the democracies of interwar Europe, protecting Democracy offers a different viewpoint at the many classes to be realized from their successes and screw ups. With this completely empirical investigative strategy, Capoccia develops a technique for examining modern democracies -- akin to Algeria, Turkey, Israel, and others -- the place related political stipulations are current. Given the increase of terrorism and the endurance of extremism in either tested and new democracies at the present time, endured study and discussion at the safeguard of democracy are beneficial for its maintenance.
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Additional resources for Defending Democracy: Reactions to Extremism in Interwar Europe
This, in fact, makes reacting against extremists more di≈cult—and, all other things being equal, regime breakdown more likely. ’’ Sartori himself makes this point clear in one of his interventions in the debate triggered by his theories. In answering his critics, Sartori rea≈rmed that his model only identiﬁes party-systemic propensities in a given type of party system and does not predetermine the regime outcome. That is, polarization and centrifugal competition, although they push the democratic system towards breakdown, are to be considered merely as ‘‘inertial tendencies’’ in the party system.
In this situation, normally accompanied by a context of generalized crisis, it is not surprising that defection from the government coalition—as a way of shrugging away the unpopularity of government measures and of having a freer hand in appealing to the electorate—becomes a very attractive strategy to the leaders of the border parties or at least the leaders of some factions within them. Thus, the very presence of strong antisystem parties not only constitutes an 20 The Theoretical Framework objective element of crisis for the democratic regime, it also weakens the cohesion of the democratic coalition, insofar as it pushes border parties towards defection from the center.
2 as ideologically antisystem. It should be noted that some of these parties were either banned or changed attitude towards the system during the interwar years: hence, the name of each party is followed by the period, in parentheses, for which the classiﬁcation is valid. Although all parties listed in the left-hand column in general constituted problems for their immediate ‘‘spatial neighbors,’’ not all of them displayed the characteristic of relational anti-systemness. In other words, only some of those parties—those listed in the right-hand column—given their size and adoption of centrifugal electoral tactics, had the potential (even if not all succeeded) to trigger the emergence of projects of reaggregation of the political supply involving the potential defection of sectors of the governing majority, thereby making defense di≈cult and breakdown more likely.
Defending Democracy: Reactions to Extremism in Interwar Europe by Giovanni Capoccia