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By Vincent H. Malmström

ISBN-10: 0292751966

ISBN-13: 9780292751965

The uncomplicated query "How did the Maya get a hold of a calendar that had in simple terms 260 days?" led Vincent Malmström to find an unforeseen "hearth" of Mesoamerican tradition. during this boldly revisionist booklet, he units forth his difficult, new view of the beginning and diffusion of Mesoamerican calendrical systems—the highbrow success that gave upward push to Mesoamerican civilization and culture.

Malmström posits that the 260-day calendar marked the period among passages of the solar at its zenith over Izapa, an old ceremonial heart within the Soconusco zone of Mexico's Pacific coastal simple. He is going directly to express how the calendar constructed by means of the Zoque humans of the sector within the fourteenth century B.C. steadily subtle via Mesoamerica into the so-called "Olmec metropolitan sector" of the Gulf coast and past to the Maya within the east and to the plateau of Mexico within the west.

These findings problem our earlier figuring out of the foundation and diffusion of Mesoamerican civilization. absolute to impress vigorous debate in lots of quarters, this booklet should be very important studying for all scholars of historic Mesoamerica—anthropologists, archaeologists, archaeoastronomers, geographers, and the starting to be public occupied with all issues Maya.

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Extra resources for Cycles of the Sun, Mysteries of the Moon: The Calendar in Mesoamerican Civilization

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90° W), it would have been hardly noticeable. In other words, a compass needle would have pointed almost due north throughout that entire time. ) in cross-section 40 03-T5327 5/18/2001 12:55 PM Page 41 Strange Attraction Figure 6. All of the roughly dozen magnetic sculptures which are known from Mesoamerica are found within the volcanic bedrock zone of piedmont Soconusco. Several other areas of volcanic bedrock exist in Mesoamerica, such as in the Tuxtla Mountains and along the Transverse Volcanic Axis which runs across the center of Mexico from Citlaltépetl (Orizaba) in the east to Volcán Colima in the west; however, in none of them did the local inhabitants recognize the presence of magnetic iron ore as they apparently did in Soconusco.

The rugged terrain back of Izapa most likely encouraged traders moving inland to utilize the Motozintla Pass, through which access to both the Grijalva Depression and the highlands of Guatemala could be gained. Sea contacts with South America had probably already been made ca. c. by residents from the Ocós area and northward along the coast as well. ” Just knowing that they existed must have been a catalyst to engendering an entirely new “worldview” among the thinking elite of Soconusco. Surely, life could never again be the same.

5 m (5 ft) or more in diameter, were selected as the medium upon which either the rudimentary features of a head or a body were etched out in bas-relief. Only a minimal amount of carving was done, so in all cases the faces have a decidedly bloated appearance and the bodies are corpulent. Indeed, although no aspects of gender are depicted on these statues, archaeologists have called them the “Fat Boys” because of their apparent obesity. Whether their rotundity is a reflection of the fact that the individuals being depicted were actually fat or whether it was simply a matter of laziness on the part of the sculptor in not carving away more material to make the representation more realistic, we can only speculate.

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Cycles of the Sun, Mysteries of the Moon: The Calendar in Mesoamerican Civilization by Vincent H. Malmström

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