By John A. Mills
Behaviorism used to be the dominant strength within the construction of contemporary American psychology, and it keeps to undergird the sphere to this present day. however, an entire realizing of the complexity of behaviorism has remained elusive. Its dominance inside American psychology has, ironically, blocked our efforts to appreciate its function and its nature. keep an eye on serves as an antidote to this historic myopia, offering the most entire background of behaviorism but written. turbines effectively balances the research of person theorists and their contributions with analyses of the constructions of assumption that underlie all behaviorist psychology, and of behaviorism's position as either author and creature of bigger American highbrow styles, practices, and values. Read more...
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Extra resources for Control : a history of behavioral psychology
23 Furthermore, for much of his career Holt worked as a psychologist (he ran the psychological laboratory at Harvard for several years). 24 The term consciousness, then, was simply a way of categorizing a collection of objects. Holt treated behavior as the only observable psychological category, and believed that behavior was always organized in order to achieve purposes. Therefore, the study of mind consisted of attempts to discover the functional relationships between behaviors, on the one hand, and the objects toward which behavior was directed, on the other.
If we deﬁne our terms op erationally and then establish that smothering love induces ambiva lence and incipient withdrawal, then Smedslund would say that we 18 | Introduction have done no more than needlessly conﬁrm what had already been es tablished by a semantic analysis of the language of common sense. Given the logical problems inherent in the use of productive oper ational deﬁnitions, we can ask why their use became not just widespread in psychology but an integral part of the nature of empirical research in the discipline.
Weiss died aged 52 after a serious illness. 54 Weiss’s treatment of behavior was as comprehensive as Wat son’s; the concept embraced all phenomena from the smallest muscle twitch to all the actions and symbolic processes required to write books, while also extending outwards from the tiniest possible indi vidual acts to the furthest reaches of society. Weiss went beyond Wat son, however, in that he treated the difference between physical and mental or between physical and symbolic as a mere scientiﬁc conven tion.
Control : a history of behavioral psychology by John A. Mills