By David Romano, Mehmet Gurses (eds.)
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Extra resources for Conflict, Democratization, and the Kurds in the Middle East: Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria
Indeed, criminals carrying out various illegal activities including drug smuggling, murders, and assassinations are also elements of the Deep State. 22 Avni Ozgurel, a journalist well known for his supposed insider knowledge of the Deep State, has argued that “if the PKK conflict granted you unlimited access to confidential funds of the State . . ”23 In 2007–2008, six letters totaling 287 pages were forwarded by anonymous authors to the MIT. 24 Specific groups—all within the military’s General Staff—included the Special Warfare Department (OHD), Tactical Mobilization Group (STK), Special Forces Command (OKK), and Wartime Search and Rescue Unit (MAK).
53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. M Michael M. Gunter and “Mehmet Kirmizi” were other names “Yesil” supposedly used. “Police Say ‘Yesil’ Still Alive,” New Anatolian, February 19, 2006. Heydar Aliyev, a former member of the politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was reputedly targeted by Çatlı and his associates because he opposed a drug smuggling route through Baku to the West. The coup against Aliyev was foiled only when Turkish President Suleyman Demirel tipped him off. Hugh Pope, “Turkish Probe Links Old Government to Death Squads,” Wall Street Journal, January 26, 1998.
The special prosecutor further recommended that all the operations of the MIT and the department of security be placed under tighter control, and that the competition between the latter two be ended. Finally, he argued for a tough campaign against drug trafficking and recommended that the Istanbul judicial administration be reorganized. In his television address to the nation concerning the Savas Report, Prime Minister Yilmaz added that immunities should be Turkey, Kemalism, and the “Deep State” M 29 lifted to permit the prosecution of politicians and public employees and a repentance law enacted to help expose the guilty.
Conflict, Democratization, and the Kurds in the Middle East: Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria by David Romano, Mehmet Gurses (eds.)