By Joseph Kostiner
This publication analyzes 4 major episodes of clash and security that have affected the Gulf zone over the past 3 a long time: the Iran-Iraq battle (1980-1988), which effected the Gulf Cooperation Council from a detailed, neighborly distance; the Iraq-Kuwait conflict (1990-1991), which constituted an try to invade the GCC and dispose of one in all its member states, Kuwait; next makes an attempt to reestablish a local inter-state balance within the Gulf (during the mid-1990s, nearly) and the warfare of Islamic terrorism opposed to Saudi Arabia.
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Extra info for Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region
46, 79, 84; Hiro, p. 21. : Garnet Publishing, 2002) , p. 11 17 Part One: The Iran-Iraq War 39 The rebels in Oman objected to the rule of Sultan Sa’id bin Taimour and espoused Marxist and socialist views that were perceived by some as a potential Communist threat. In 1974, Oman and Iran signed an agreement for joint naval control of the Straits of Hormuz. In a practical and symbolic sense, control over the Straits of Hormuz was control over the commercial life of the Gulf. In the case of Oman, Iran had used its military strength to ensure the status quo.
Iran’s militant Islamic regime represented a new kind of threat to the region. Khomeini rejected the concept of modern nationalism. He did not accept the legitimacy of the territorial nation-state, which he saw as an artificial creation that divided the Muslim community, or ‘umma. In fact, Khomeini sought to reunite the entire Muslim community under his banner of Shi‘I Islam: “Its ultimate goal was to launch an ‘ideological crusade’ aimed at bringing the genuine message of Islam to all peoples everywhere.
29 Iraq’s discovery of new oil wealth in 1978 was not the only significant change for Iraq. , changed the dynamics of inter-Arab politics. Peace with Israel in 1978 was largely rejected by the conservative Arab states of the Gulf. Egypt was cast aside as the standard bearer for the Arab world. Iraq was eager to fill this role in place of Egypt. In 1978, Iraq hosted an antiSadat Arab Summit Conference in Baghdad, cementing its anti-Israel credentials and strongly suggesting its new ambition to play the leading role in Arab politics.
Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region by Joseph Kostiner