By Jeremy Wallace
China's administration of urbanization is an under-appreciated think about the regime's sturdiness. The chinese language Communist celebration fears "Latin Americanization" -- the emergence of hugely unequal megacities with their attendant slums and social unrest. Such towns threaten the survival of nondemocratic regimes. To wrestle the probability, many regimes, together with China's, prefer towns in policymaking. Cities and Stability exhibits this "urban bias" to be a Faustian cut price: towns will be stabilized for a time, however the big in-migration from the geographical region that effects can generate the stipulations for political upheaval. via its hukou procedure of inner migration regulations, China has shunned this challenge, concurrently assisting urbanites and maintaining farmers within the geographical region. The method helped hinder social upheaval even in the course of the nice Recession, whilst thousands and thousands of laid-off migrant staff dispersed from coastal towns. Jeremy Wallace's robust account forces us to reconsider the connection among towns and political balance in the course of the constructing international.
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Additional resources for Cities and Stability: Urbanization, Redistribution, and Regime Survival in China
Unfortunately, just as the meaning of the city has changed over time, the threshold has changed for classifying areas as rural or urban across time and place. 17 See the next chapter for more details on measurement. 18 Zipf 1941, 1949. 14 15 20 Cities and Stability the country. A rejection of the regime by the citizens of that city signifies the vanguard of the country rejecting the regime. The threats that cities pose to dictators are numerous, but cities are also critical for economic development, making their total abolition inconceivable.
This works in concrete terms— a police officer chasing a pickpocket—but also in more abstract terms. Where do radicals congregate to talk about political changes and organizing against the regime? Where do officers slip off to when hatching a coup plot? These are not discussions that take place in public. Cities provide alternatives that allow individuals to meet anonymously. 43 Staniland 2010, 1632. Or retreating into the narrow and irregular streets of Qianmen during the Tiananmen crackdown in 1989.
A march that blocked roads in the capital, on the other hand, may well keep government officials out of their offices and stuck in snarls of traffic (as well as viscerally angry at the protesters). By increasing the share of the population that lives in the largest city, urban concentration directly increases the proximity of the population to the center of power and commerce, increasing the hazard to authoritarian survival. How do protests and riots actually lead to regime collapse? 23 First is a direct ousting by the rioters.
Cities and Stability: Urbanization, Redistribution, and Regime Survival in China by Jeremy Wallace