By Marc R. Forster
This publication seeks to give an explanation for the origins of the Catholic id of the inhabitants of southwest Germany among 1550 and 1750. Many stories of this topic credits rulers and church leaders with developing and implementing spiritual id in Germany "from above." against this, this research argues that there have been very important neighborhood and non secular explanation why humans got here to contemplate themselves dependable Catholics; and to be able to comprehend the origins of Catholic id, it examines the character of "Baroque Catholicism"--including the importance of pilgrimages, processions, confraternities, and different non secular ceremonies.
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Additional info for Catholic Revival in the Age of the Baroque: Religious Identity in Southwest Germany, 1550-1750 (New Studies in European History)
Austrian inﬂuence over monasteries was most important in cities and towns such as Villingen and Freiburg. Habsburg oﬃcials could put considerable pressure on the smaller and poorer urban establishments of the Franciscans and Dominicans, especially since many of these had suﬀered severe recruitment problems in the aftermath of the Reformation. The large and wealthy rural abbeys in Austrian territories, the most prominent being the Benedictine house of St. Blasien, had stronger defenses against state interference.
In the name of His Majesty . . it is our earnest decision, opinion, and order that you, neither in word nor deed, plan, say, or act with impertinent arrogance [ungeburliches anmassen] toward your pastor. Rather you should completely let all such things go and treat him according to Christian commandments and behave in such a way that you give no reason for more serious [investigation] . . ¹¹ The priest stated that the Stadtschreiber (town secretary) and his wife openly identiﬁed themselves as Lutherans and refused to take communion from him.
Nevertheless, from the s on even the monks at St. Blasien felt the inﬂuence of the Austrian regime. Abbot ³⁸ Gmelin, ‘‘Aus Visitationsprotokollen der Dio¨zese Konstanz,’’ pp. –, . ³⁹ Gmelin, ‘‘Aus Visitationsprotokollen der Dio¨zese Konstanz,’’ pp. –. ⁴⁰ Gmelin, ‘‘Aus Visitationsprotokollen der Dio¨zese Konstanz,’’ pp. –; Ott, ‘‘Die Benediktinerabtei St. Blasien,’’ p. . The Counter-Reformation oﬀensive Kaspar I was appointed one of the episcopal visitors for the Austriandominated visitation of – and the visitation may have come to St.
Catholic Revival in the Age of the Baroque: Religious Identity in Southwest Germany, 1550-1750 (New Studies in European History) by Marc R. Forster