By Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick
In essays written together by way of experts on Soviet and German heritage, the participants to this ebook reconsider and transform the character of Stalinism and Nazism and identify a brand new method for viewing their histories that is going well past the now-outdated twentieth-century versions of totalitarianism, ideology, and character. Doing the hard work of comparability supplies us the capability to check the historicity of the 2 remarkable regimes and the wreckage they've got left. With the top of the chilly battle and the cave in of the Soviet Union, students of Europe aren't any longer stressed with the political luggage that constricted study and conditioned interpretation and feature entry to hitherto closed records. The time is correct for a clean examine the 2 substantial dictatorships of the 20th century and for a go back to the unique reason of suggestion on totalitarian regimes - knowing the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in eu and international historical past.
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Extra resources for Cambridge Beyond Totalitarianism Stalinism And Nazism Compared
Riemersma (Homewood, IL: R. D. Irwin, 1953), 494–521. 22 Michael Geyer approaches and an altogether more reflexive attitude. It forces historians out of their parochial, expository, and interpretative conventions. The insights gained from such kibitzing may then well turn into a new appreciation of the subject matter at hand. 92 With such down-to-earth comparison even the formalistic catalogue of parameters of totalitarian regimes becomes intriguing again. For we might now begin to wonder why these two regimes were so fundamentally concerned with a very few issues, like leadership, even if they settled them differently.
Rabinbach, “Moments of Totalitarianism”; Elisabeth Young-Bruehl, Hannah Arendt: For Love of the World (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982). Hannah Arendt, “Understanding and Politics (the Difficulties of Understanding),” in Essays in Understanding 1930–1954, ed. Hannah Arendt (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1994), 307–27. Carl J. Friedrich and Zbigniew Brzezinski, Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy. Marcel van der Linden, “Socialisme ou Barbarie: A French Revolutionary Group (1949–65),” Left History 5, no.
The overall challenge of this particular volume – and of the historiography on Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia – should be evident by now. It is to work toward a comprehensive assessment of the two regimes and their comparability. And if neither holds, what might capture their rise to world-shattering prominence? If we put these questions into more analytical language, we may want to differentiate three levels of analysis. In the first instance, any reassessment of the two regimes will have an internal dimension, which for some historians may be the only one that matters.
Cambridge Beyond Totalitarianism Stalinism And Nazism Compared by Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick