By Tatyana P. Soubbotina
How will we examine the degrees of improvement attained through various nations? And what does it take to make improvement sustainable?
This booklet bargains no easy solutions to those advanced questions. as an alternative, the authors motivate readers to hunt their very own options through examining and synthesizing details on a number of serious improvement concerns together with inhabitants progress, fiscal development, fairness, poverty, schooling, future health, industrialization, urbanization, privatization, exchange, weather switch, and extra.
The e-book, which pulls on facts released by way of the area financial institution, is addressed to lecturers, scholars, and all these attracted to exploring problems with international improvement.
This identify is a book of the realm financial institution Institute -- selling wisdom and studying for a greater international.
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Additional info for Beyond Economic Growth: Meeting the Challenges of Global Development
Higher business risks and higher costs of contract enforcement impede economic growth by slowing down all economic transactions. These are among the reasons some international experts recommend decreasing income inequality in developing countries to help accelerate economic and human development. 6 Poverty The notion of poverty varies by country. Generally speaking, the richer a country is, the higher is its national poverty line. To allow for international comparisons, the World Bank has established an international poverty line of $1 a day per person in 1985 purchasing power parity (PPP) prices.
Many of these cities are in Asian countries with low per capita incomes but big populations, such as China, India, and Indonesia. 1). Particulate Air Pollution Suspended particulate matter is made up of airborne smoke, soot, dust, and liquid droplets from fuel combustion. The amount of suspended particulate matter, usually measured in micrograms per cubic meter of air, is one of the most important Urban population as a percentage of total population, 1980 and 1995 80 74% 65% 57% 60 75% 78% 65% 58% 48% 40 31% 31% 26% 22% 21% 23% 20 0 South Asia 1980 56 East Asia and the Pacific 1995 SubSaharan Africa Middle East and North Africa Europe Latin America and and the Central Asia Caribbean Highincome countries 10 URBANIZATION AND URBAN AIR POLLUTION indicators of the quality of the air that people breathe.
However, many of the conditions needed to attract foreign investment to a country are the same as those needed to stimulate domestic investment. A favorable investment climate includes many factors that make investing in one country more profitable and less risky than in another country. Political stability is one of the most important of these factors. Both domestic and foreign investors are discouraged by the threat of political upheaval and by the prospect of a new regime that might impose punitive taxes or expropriate capital assets.
Beyond Economic Growth: Meeting the Challenges of Global Development by Tatyana P. Soubbotina