By Chih-yu Shih (auth.)
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Additional info for Autonomy, Ethnicity, and Poverty in Southwestern China: The State Turned Upside Down
Therefore, it is quite reasonable to see political science as indirectly a study of poverty. Unfortunately, political scientists rarely treat poverty as a serious issue. They borrow the notion of poverty without communicating other similar uses that convey completely different meanings. Both the poverty of political science in this regard and the ability of the state to abuse the notion of poverty are different aspects of the same phenomenon. Being always topdown, the state machine uses the poverty policy to indoctrinate a chosen ideology, whether it be modernism or Maoism.
Both of those acting in the names of the state and the ethnic minorities operate under the assumption of authenticity. Therefore, they are not open to implications that ethnicities are the products of practice and interpretation. To avoid the embarrassment where the state and ethnic communities have different opinions on what specific ethnicity means, some tacit exchange of benefits between the state and the ethnic communities seems to occur in China. On one hand, the state, so to speak, depends on policy privileges exclusively allowed for ethnic citizens to co-opt the recipients to remain silent on this issue.
Contrast with Han Sophistication As a result of the aforementioned essentializing programs, liberation, happiness, and authenticity provide the audience a sense of certainty. This assures them that the state is in unity with the minorities and that the ethnic minorities are well taken care of. The living reality in these minority areas, where poverty characterizes their economic conditions, is not expressible. Frustration and sadness in the abortive love story become exclusively Han related. In fact, the Guilin Municipal Museum of Folk Ethnicities uses one of the most classic tragedies—Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai—to characterize Han ethnicity.
Autonomy, Ethnicity, and Poverty in Southwestern China: The State Turned Upside Down by Chih-yu Shih (auth.)