By Ganne Bernard
This ebook offers a entire review of what Asian commercial clusters may well educate us. At a time whilst the dynamics of the world's financial system are more and more being stimulated through advancements in Asia, the query takes on specific relevance due to the explosion of clusters and cluster rules through the zone; and thanks to the nice number of versions which might be obvious constructing within the numerous nations. in line with powerful empirical surveys and interviews performed in China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan, the reviews accrued during this booklet have been first debated at a world workshop in Lyon. From commercial districts to poles of competitiveness, those reviews explored the transformation of conventional platforms of actions or business districts to new networks prepared for international festival or innovation, and likewise the advance of recent agglomerations or medical wisdom clusters. the big variety of case reviews during this assortment deals a wealthy shop of theoretical and functional classes for analysts, policy-makers and economists. The e-book can also be an invaluable consultant for graduate scholars in addition to researchers in economics, sociology and political reports.
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Additional info for Asian Industrial Clusters, Global Competitiveness and New Policy Initiatives
They take into account and focus on the level of industrialisation of the country, the development of the NSI, the skills of manpower, and of course policies implemented or even the strategies of the multinationals involved. In Chapter 13, Quy Nghi Nguyen2 explores the transition from craft villages to clusters in Vietnam: Transition through Globalisation. He notes at the beginning how in Vietnam few research works treated craft villages as a form of agglomeration. Based on a deep quantitative and qualitative study of porcelain and ceramic craft work which is emerging today as an industrial district, he examines the rapid transition from an old district producing low quality products for a mainly domestic market to becoming one of the biggest suppliers of ceramic/ porcelain products not only for the domestic but also for a large international market.
In Chapter 15, Audrey Baron-Gutty, Catherine Figuière and JeanChristophe Simon suggest that several types of clusters have to be identified in Thailand in order to understand both their origins, specific dynamics and impact on the overall economy and national competitiveness. Matching some field observations (the cluster of Chaiyaphum, initiated by the Department of Industrial Promotion) and documented cases (in Chiang Mai Province) with cluster theory originating from advanced economies, they identified three categories of clusters, according to the sector linkages and to their economic and social embeddedness, namely ‘tradi-clusters’, ‘neo-clusters’ and ‘plani-clusters’.
4 In 1986 Vietnam liberalised all the sectors of the economy of the country under the policy of doi moi or ‘renewal’. qxd 10 5/27/2009 4:39 PM Page 10 B. Ganne and Y. 2 A Specific Mode of Allocation of the Clusters Clusters in Vietnam have developed greatly, but their distribution appears quite original. As recent studies carried out by Japanese researchers comparing Vietnam, China and Japan have shown (3and Tsuji, 2003), the grouping of enterprises by poles of activity turns out to be greater in Vietnam than elsewhere.
Asian Industrial Clusters, Global Competitiveness and New Policy Initiatives by Ganne Bernard