By Roger Scruton
"Philosophy's the 'love of wisdom', might be approached in methods: by means of doing it, or by means of learning the way it has been done," so writes the eminent thinker Roger Scruton. during this hassle-free e-book, he chooses to introduce philosophy through doing it. Taking the self-discipline past thought and "intellectualism," he provides it in an empirical, available, and sensible gentle. the result's now not a heritage of the sphere yet a brilliant, lively, and private account to steer the reader making his or her personal enterprise into philosophy. Addressing a number matters from freedom, God, fact, and morality, to intercourse, tune, and background, Scruton argues philosophy's relevance not only to highbrow questions, yet to modern existence.
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Extra resources for An Intelligent Person's Guide to Philosophy
Between true and false colour-judgements, and that is suffi- cient vindication of the concept of colour. ^ t*4 Other fragments of the human world can be saved in the same way. Consider the concept of justice. *. An Intelligent Person's Guide that this is to Philosophy a piece of 'bourgeois ideology', which gains cur- rency only because it is functional in a capitalist economy. In a similar way, at the beginning of Plato's Republic, the cynical Thrasymachus argues that justice is nothing but the 'interest of the stronger': the only function of the concept is and interests which prevail in the social order.
We have an image of what they mean - the image already offered to us, in Descartes' fantasy of the evil demon. But is it any more than an image? Phrased thus abstractly, is the question whether our world tions is \ J I real a real question? Before venturing on an answer, we should pause to con- ider the nature of philosophical, as opposed to scientific, M 1 truth. We The Demon 41 divide truths into the contingent - those that might have been otherwise - and the necessary. It is contingently true that London is the capital of England, necessarily true that the capital of England is a town.
What I 'posit', he argues, is an object of knowledge, and an object is not a subject. To have determinate knowledge of the subject is impossible: the self knows itself as subject only 'immediately' - that is to say, without concepts, so that nothing can be said about what is known. To have determinate knowledge of the self as subject would be like seeing the point of view from which you see the world. The subject is 'transcendental': it lies at the perimeter of the world, observ- ing but unobservable.
An Intelligent Person's Guide to Philosophy by Roger Scruton