Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy & Religion - download pdf or read online

By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut

ISBN-10: 0195143582

ISBN-13: 9780195143584

The idea that of altruism, or disinterested crisis for another's welfare, has been mentioned by way of every body from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this e-book, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and non secular features of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining features via well known researchers from numerous disciplines. Their integrative discussion illustrates that altruistic habit is an important mode of expression that may be studied by means of a number of scholarly tools and understood from various views in either the arts and the sciences. Altruism and Altruistic Love establishes a framework for scholarship on altruism by means of featuring definitions, a old assessment, a overview of latest study, and debates in a variety of disciplines, in addition to a dialogue of instructions for destiny paintings.

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However, I hew to the view that full-fledged altruism exceeds what can be termed magnanimity or generosity and that authentic altruism is radical other-regarding behavior or alterity-altruism, a term I use to describe unreservedly placing one’s bodily self and material goods at the disposal of another or others. Egocentric propensities are shed in the interest of ameliorating the suffering of the other even before one calculates the other’s needs, in that calculation follows from the prior encounter with the other.

An organism’s fitness is its ability to be reproductively successful; an organism’s survival is relevant to its fitness only to the extent that survival promotes reproductive success. An altruistic behavior is one that enhances the fitness of someone else (the “recipient”) at some cost in fitness to the donor. Thus a mindless organism can be an evolutionary altruist. Darwin thought that the barbed stinger of the honeybee is an altruistic trait—the bee disembowels itself when it stings an intruder to the nest; the stinger keeps pumping venom even after the bee has perished, thus conferring a benefit on the group.

By interpreting the body as serving reproductive interests, evolutionary biology redesigns the body of ordinary experience into the body as coded information. What is envisaged is not merely that the body in the everyday sense is subject to genetic programming but, more radically, that the relation between the form of the organism, the phenomenological body, can be severed from what counts as the individual biological entity that is both the agent and recipient of altruistic activity. Evolutionary biologists will no doubt recognize the position of Richard Dawkins, who famously refers to the selfishness of genes and who offers no disclaimer to the assertion he cites of D’Arcy Thompson to the effect that “any animal form can be transformed into a related form by a mathematical transformation although .

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Altruism & Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy & Religion in Dialogue by Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut

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