By Eric Clayton
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Extra resources for Agriculture, Poverty and Freedom in Developing Countries
373 SOURCE: K. C. Lai, 'Income Distribution and Consumption and Saving Behaviour of Farm Households in the Muda Irrigation Scheme, Malaysia', unpublished PhD thesis, (University of London, 1977). 0- < 4. 0 ~ ~ <:) C"\ ~ 3 ~ ~ 'C ~ <:) 5..... 4 come from a detailed income distribution study of the Muda irrigation scheme which was undertaken by K. C. Lai. The aim of the scheme, implemented between 1966 and 1974, was to provide irrigation water for double-cropping of rice to approximately 51 000 farm families, who were previously settled there, on about 242000 acres which without irrigation was cropped only once a year.
The first is probably the only aspect of equality about which there is wide agreement on its d esirability as a precisely defined social objective - that is, exactly the same treatment for all, for rich or poor, for exalted or lowly. There is a large measure of agreement on the desirability of equality of opportunity as a social objective. No one should suffer from restricted opportunity because of a personal attribute or circumstance. But all social structures create groups which receive special advantages which, in turn, create unequal opportunities.
Which generally illustrate the futility of using Western concepts to understand non-Western situations. " Few would claim that the sociological contributions to the development debate have thrown much light on the means of increasing agricultural productivity which, in a majority of developing countries, remains the most important source of increased income and wealth. 28 Agriculture, Poverty and Freedom A second reason for poorer quality discussions, not unrelated to the first, is the decline in the use of scientific methods, critical assessment of evidence and even recourse to logic.
Agriculture, Poverty and Freedom in Developing Countries by Eric Clayton